Articles Posted in Smith Barney – Citigroup

The SEC is investigating whether Merrill Lynch (MER) and Charles Schwab Corp. (SCHW) did not recognize signs that that some of their customers might have been laundering money because they didn’t do enough to find out who these clients were. Some of the purported money laundering has been linked to drug cartels in Mexico.

Bank of America Corp. (BAC) now owns Merrill Lynch. The SEC says that the two broker-dealers accepted as clients individuals who gave out fake addresses and shell companies. For example, one Charles Schwab client, a Texas rancher, had been moving funds to a holding company that was actually a shell company. Also, some account holders with Schwab were linked to drug money in Mexico. Certain accounts contained millions of dollars.

Broker-dealers must set up, document, and keep up steps so that it can identify its customers and confirm their identifies. Failure to do any of these can result in stiff penalties, such as the $1 million E*Trade Financial Corp. was ordered to pay in 2008. The firm did not check to confirm the identities of over 65,000 secondary account holders. Because of this failure false reporting occurred.

Sanjeev Jayant Kumar Shah, a former Smith Barney financial services adviser, has pleaded guilty to one count of securities fraud and three counts of wire fraud over his involvement in a securities scam to bilk clients of Citibank and his firm. Shah was charged with diverting about $3.25 million from a foreign bank client and fabricating documents that he claimed were from bank representatives.

He is also accused of falsely saying that the transfers were required for bond purchases and that he would send statements showing these purchases. Prosecutors say that he attempted to cover up the scam by telling clients that a computer mistake had kept the bonds from showing up online bank statements and that had had bought the bonds for the bank.

The securities fraud charge comes with a 20 year maximum penalty plus a fine. Each wire fraud charge carries a maximum 30 years in prison penalty and also a fine.

Shah was at Citigroup unit Smith Barney for 3 ½ years. Citigroup says that it was the one that brought the case to the attention of the Department of Justice.

Securities Fraud
Our securities fraud lawyers are committed to helping our clients recover their financial losses. The most common investor claims against brokers and investment advisers can involve issues such as:

• Unsuitability • Registration violations • Margin account abuse • Unauthorized trading • Breach of fiduciary duty • Breach of contract • Failure to execute trades • Overconcentration • Negligence • Churning • Misrepresentation and omissions • Failure to supervise
Read the guilty plea,, November 24, 2010 (PDF)

Former Smith Barney adviser admits $3 million fraud, Reuters, November 24, 2010
Former Smith Barney adviser admits $3 mln fraud, CNBC, November 24, 2010 Continue reading

UBS AG unit UBS Wealth Management Americas recently recruited Bank of America Corp.’s Merrill Lynch financial adviser Nina Hakim to join its Westfield, New Jersey office. Hakim, who reportedly managed $300 million in client assets and generated $1.5 million in commissions and fees, will now report to UBS branch Manager Erik Gaucher.

Another new addition to the UBS team is Morgan Stanley Smith Barney adviser Raymond Schmidtke, who will be based in Seattle, Washington. According to regulatory records, Schmidtke, was employed by Citigroup Inc. for over two decades and stayed at the MS joint venture for a year. He reportedly had close to $100 million in assets under management and $1 million in annual production. He now reports to UBS branch manager Shawn MacFarlan.

In other investment adviser news, a team of now former Wells Fargo Advisors advisers has joined Morgan Stanley Smith Barney. Francis Schiavetti and Ben Dembin’s base will be the Boca Raton, Florida office. The team reportedly manages $107 million in client assets and produces approximately $1.2 million in commissions and annual fees. The two men both were employed by Wells Fargo and predecessor firm Wachovia Securities before joining the Morgan Stanley Smith Barney team.

In August, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority fined and censured Morgan Stanley $800,000 for not making public disclosures, which is required under the SRO’s rules that oversee research-analyst conflicts of interest. FINRA claims that the financial firm also did not comply with a key 2003 Research Analyst Settlement provision when it failed to disclose independent research availability in customer account statements. Every six months, for the next two years, Morgan Stanley must now review a sample of its research reports and certify that they are in compliance with FINRA’s rules.

Related Web Resources:
Hires Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley Brokers, Fox Business, August 24, 2010
Morgan Stanley Adds Team From Wells Fargo, Faces FINRA Fine, Investment Advisor, August 24, 2010
FINRA Fines Morgan Stanley $800,000 for Deficient Conflict of Interest Disclosures in Equity Research Reports and Public Appearances by Research Analysts, FINRA, August 10, 2010 Continue reading

Citigroup is offering to cover some of the losses of investors involved with certain hedge funds sold by the firm’s Smith Barney brokerage unit. Citigroup and Smith Barney brokers allegedly recommended the funds, ASTA/MAT and Falcon, to investors looking for conservative investments.

Citigroup marketed the hedge funds as being ideal for retirees and other investors seeking safe investments, and Smith Barney raised hundreds of millions of dollars for the funds. The funds were reportedly marketed to investors as low-risk and accompanied by only a minimal probability of loss when, in fact, they came with high levels of risk-information that was kept from investors.

Last year, Citigroup told Smith Barney and Citigroup bankers to market the funds to their best clients. These clients were not informed that the new pitch initiative was an effort to inject new funds into Falcon, which had dropped by over 10%. The fund would be worth 25% of its original value by the end of March 2008.

In one of its final regulatory acts before being folded into the NASD, the New York Stock Exchange’s regulatory unit has censured and fined Smith Barney $50 million over illegal trades, failures to supervise and record-keeping violations. The firm agreed to the sanctions without admitting or denying the charges.

The Smith Barney unit of Citigroup Global Markets Inc. will pay a fine of $10 million to the NYSE, and a fine of $5 million to the State of New Jersey, related to a “separate regulatory matter arising out of the same conduct.” An additional $35 million will be paid into a restitution fund to compensate victims.

The NYSE regulators say Smith Barney agreed to these huge sanctions to resolve charges related to a variety of fraudulent trading activities, including excessive trading, improper trading in mutual fund shares, improper trading in variable annuity mutual fund sub-accounts, illegal market timing trades, plus the firm’s failures to supervise and to maintain adequate books and records.

Citigroup Global Markets Inc is being charged $3 million by NASD to settle charges connected to misleading materials it allegedly gave Bellsouth employees during retirement meetings and seminars held in North Carolina and South Carolina. NASD also says that Citigroup has to pay over 200 ex-Bellsouth employees $12.2 million in restitution. The latter comes came from a civil class action involving Smith Barney, which had tried to get the case dismissed under SLUSA.

NASD says that Citigroup neglected to properly supervise certain brokers located in Charlotte, North Carolina that used the misleading sales materials during numerous meetings with BellSouth Corp. employees. The materials made “exaggerated and unwarranted projections of future earnings” and did not elaborate on the related risks of making certain investments.

Following these presentations, over 400 BellSouth employees opened more than 1100 accounts via these brokers. Many of their investors had retired early from BellSouth and had less than $350,000 in savings. Many of them cashed out their 401(k) accounts and pensions and invested these funds with the Citigroup brokers.

At a time when The New York Stock Exchange is paying-off National Association of Securities Dealers members to take over its compliance responsibilities, private firms are seeking to reduce oversight evern further. For decades the securities industry has insisted its self-regulatory structure works best to protect the public. Yet, after massive fraud was discovered on Wall Street and billions lost by investors, instead of tighter reins on the industry oversight is shrinking.

The latest to reduce compliance may be Citigroup, now the largest financial firm on Wall Street, culminating with the amalgamation of Smith Barney and a number of other fiancial firms. According to the New Yok Times, after “a series of messy scandals”, including questionable research and alleged participation in such failures as Enron and WorldCom, Citigroup increased its compliance efforts. Yet, in an article this week, the Times states that that firm is now poised to reduce oversight of its operations.

Under pressure from investors, Citigroup CEP Charles O Prince, III will soon to release plans for a cost-cutting overhaul. Prince’s plan is reportedly to eliminate or reassign more than 26,000 jobs, or about 8 percent of the work force, as part of a broad effort to streamline the bank’s unwieldy global operations and get its costs under control. Citigroup’s consumer and investment banking businesses are expected to face severe cuts, but legal and compliance departments are likely to also take a hit, according to those who have been briefed on the plans.

The AAJ (American Association for Justice) is asking Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Chris Cox and General Counsel Brian Cartwright to address media reports that the SEC thought about supporting Merrill Lynch & Company during attempts by Enron shareholders to hold Enron banks accountable. The AAJ wants the SEC to publicly disclose the extent of its connections to Merrill Lynch.

On January 12, 2007, the AAJ turned in to the SEC a Freedom of Information Act request. The AAJ wants the SEC to disclose if, how, and when they communicated with Merrill Lynch regarding Enron and whether Counsel Cartwright and Chairman Cox have recused themselves from the Enron case because they had both once worked for the law firm (Latham and Watkins) representing Merrill Lynch. Also, the Center for Responsive Politics is reporting that Latham & Watkins was Chairman Cox’s largest contributor while he served in the U.S. Congress. The law firm reportedly contributed $124,594 on two separate occasions.

At least 30 states are supporting the Enron shareholders who have filed lawsuits against investment banks that are accused of taking part in accounting fraud because of the Enron scandal. Merrill Lynch is one of these banks.