SEC Goes After Alleged Ponzi Scammers

The Securities and Exchange Commission is pursuing securities fraud charges against Wendy Ko and Yin Nan Wang and certain entities over their alleged involvement in a Ponzi-like scam. The regulator is asking for an asset freeze against Velocity Investment Group, its managed funds, and Rockwell Realty Management, Inc. These entities are controlled by Wang and Ko.

The SEC claims that the two of them offered and sold over $150 million securities as unsecured promissory notes through Velocity and its unregistered investment funds. The offerings promised a substantial investment return rate. That said, to fulfill these interest obligations the funds needed to make returns higher than the market average.
Wang purportedly ordered that an accountant be given financial information that included material overstatements of fund receivables. He also is accused of publishing false financial data on a website.

The Commission says that Ko and Wang took newer investors’ money to pay back older investors and made transactions between Rockwell and the funds to hide the securities fraud. The two of them are accused of violating the Securities Act Section 17(a), Exchange Act Section 10(b), and Rule 10b-5.

In another unrelated Ponzi scam, the SEC got an asset freeze against companies in the US and New Zealand accused of soliciting bogus investment opportunities. The emergency action was to stop Christopher A. T. Pedras, his companies, and associates from raising more funds from US investors.

The agency says that Pedras and his partners raised at least $5.6 million from over 50 US investors through a fraudulent offering involving the Maxum Gold Trade Program and the FMP Renal Program. Pedras purportedly told investors that Maxum Gold was an intermediary between global banks so they could trade unspecified financial instruments. Pedras said that Maxum Gold would move part of the profits earned from this to investors.

The SEC says that when payments to investors by Maxum Gold were delayed in 2012, Pedras told them it was because New Zealand regulators were conducting an audit and also that there had been technical difficulties. He then started pushing the FMP Renal Program, in which investors could buy supposedly premium/preferred shares by moving in their Maxum Gold Trade Program investments.

The Commission says that half of the money Pedras and the other parties raised was used in a Ponzi-like manner to pay off older investors. Some of the funds went towards commissions, while Pedras misappropriate about $1.2 million for his own spending and certain business matters.

Pedras and his associates are charged with violating sections of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act.

Ponzi Scams
This type of fraud usually involves the fraudsters using new investor money to pay existing investors their supposed “returns.” New investors are usually solicited, promise that they are getting involved in a venture with low risk and high returns. Ponzi scams eventually fail when it becomes too hard to bring in new investors or when too many investors seek to cash out because the “earnings” run out.

SEC Obtains Asset Freeze in California-Based Real Estate Investment Scheme, SEC, November 1, 2013

SEC Halts Ponzi Scheme Involving New Zealand Companies, SEC

More Blog Posts:
Two Investors’ Securities Fraud Lawsuit Against SEC Over Stanford Ponzi Scam is Dismissed, Stockbroker Fraud Blog, August 16, 2013

US Supreme Court Hears Oral Argument on the Impact of SLUSA on the Stanford Ponzi Scams, Institutional Investor Securities Blog, October 17, 2013

SEC and SIPC Go to Court Over Whether SIPA Protects Stanford Ponzi Fraud Investors
, Stockbroker Fraud BLog, February 6, 2013